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tv   BBC World News America  PBS  August 28, 2015 3:59pm-4:29pm PDT

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>> this is "bbc world news america." >> funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation, newman's own foundation, giving all profits from newman's own to charity and pursuing the common good, kovler foundation, pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs, and mufg. >> build a solid foundation and you can connect communities and commerce for centuries. that is the strength behind good banking relationships, too. which is why, at mufg, we believe financial partnerships should endure the test of time.
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because with time comes change and what matters in the end is that you are strong enough to support it. mufg -- we build relationships that build the world. >> and now, "bbc world news." >> this is "bbc world news america." reporting from washington, i am jane o'brien. shocking tragedy on the roadside in austria. how dozens of migrants and died seeking a better life. 10 years since hurricane katrina tore through the city of new orleans, former president george w. bush pays a visit to focus on the future. and the end of the affair for ashley madison's founder. stepping down after a security breach revealed private details about millions of users.
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welcome to our viewers on public television in america and around the globe. our gruesome discovery in austria has led to shock and migrantas europe's crisis goes from bad to worse. more than 70 bodies were found inside a truck -- men, women, and children. it is the latest in a growing string of tragedies involving those fleeing conflict and seeking a better life in europe. viewers may find images in the report distressing. austria'swith care, police sent bodies found in a truck to be examined. >> we don't know their names or their stories. but among the bodies, the police found a syrian travel document. officials believe the migrants paid a central european network to smuggle them through this
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continent. inside will have been unbearable. theirgrants died in this, airless tomb, and the bodies began to decompose quickly. standing here, you realize that that truck was designed to carry and transport frozen goods. it wasn't designed to transport human beings. the austrian police say there was no ventilation on board. and the panicar that the migrants will have felt when they were locked into that truck. this morning, with precision, austria's police deliver the final toll. >> 71 persons are dead in this lorry. 59 men, eight women, and four children.
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childs was one or two years old, if you know, and three were male -- one or two years old, female, and three were male. reporter: the police believe it set off from hungary's capital, budapest. a few hours later it was caught on camera near the austrian border. it crossed into austria that night. by the early hours of thursday it was seen on the motorway near the village. later that morning, the police opened the truck and discovered the bodies. hungary's police have now taken action. these pictures show the arrest of more than 20 people suspected of other smuggling operations. it has also detained for man accused of organizing the syrian migrants' fatal journey through
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europe. this region's governments promise to work together. to fight against the criminals is to build legal ways from syria through europe. reporter: austrians set up a small memorial for the dead. there is a lot we will never know about the migrants' final journey. today reassure each other when the truck was closed on them? did they realize no one was coming to save them? james reynolds from bbc news, the austria-hungry border. wo boats carrying migrants capsized off the coast of libya. more than 300,000 migrants have tried to cross the mediterranean that in theor whole of 2014. this year has seen unprecedented wave of migrants arriving in europe. but how do they arrive?
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we have three reports tracking their journeys. tom berridge in berlin. the report from serbia on the march to western europe. but first, the greek island of lesbos. reporter: at the edge of europe, each new day offers the hope of a new beginning for people fleeing conflict and chasing opportunity. that makes reaching land in less posts not just a moment -- and leslesbos not just a moment to remember, but want to treasure. one to treasure. on aing a stretch of ocean dinghy was a risk for each of these families. the boats carry the young and
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the old. ter the initial euphoria, it is hard not to notice the mixture of emotions. the second one succeeds to come to this. reporter: that will show you really want to get to europe. >> yes. friend!g to germany, my reporter: it is still a difficult journey ahead. but this is a time to give thanks, even if they are still searching for a home. one step closer to a new life. tracks from serbia to hungary.
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every day, thousands are on the move. >> if i go that is good for me. reporter: is that we want to go, england? >> yeah, i like this country. reporter: difficult for his brothers and nephews to it is hoped that keeps them walking. >> freedom to have a good country, to have children learning every day. reporter: to leave, to get out. >> to have a good life. reporter: so far this year, more than 140,000 have made this journey. afghans, and iraqis escaping war and brutality together. >> we are not only syrians. we are muslims, christians. we have no differentiation between us.
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all of us can we are praying for the same thing. why europe is trying to do so for us. reporter: and so they go on together. searching for a place to call home. reporter: at the age of just he has traveled more than most. with his young sister and two brothers, the family crossed six countries to reach germany from syria. berlin, they have been granted asylum, and they are working their way through local bureaucracy, applying for social and ag, permits to work, school for the children. game and theyg are just happy to be here.
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i have heard good things about germany. now that we are here, we are safe. heir temporary home is this room in a refuge center, where they get food, donated clothes, and kill time like other children. is determined to build a new life here. >> we all want to learn german. our future is germany. reporter: country that has change the rules so all syrians who survived exhausting journey can become the precious paperwork needed for silent. the dream of the german home is now for many a reality. for more on the global migrant crisis, i spoke earlier today but miliband cash to david miliband, the president and ceo -- i spoke earlier to david miliband, the president and ceo
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of international rescue committee. the underlying conflict causing this heartbreaking tragedy has been going on for years but why is europe so apparently unprepared? david: i think there are couple of reasons for the tragedy and chaos you are seeing at the moment. the first is that the eyes of europe and the policymakers have been on the greek euro crisis and on the struggle with russia over ukraine over the last two years. and so they have got a political priority rather than this refugee crisis. the second point is that we are seeing a very strong outbreak of what you can only call beggar your neighbor politics in europe. the attempt by many european countries with a few horrible exceptions like germany to expect italy and greece, the main recipient -- honorable exceptions like germany, to expect italy and greece, the main recipient, to do this on their own. european solidarity has broken down. whatis why we are seeing
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we are seeing today. jane: what about britain? david: the figures for the u.k. are very low indeed. if you take the syria crisis, less than 1% of those arriving at been taken into the u.k. and the refugee procuration that is reach europe is only 5% of the over 4 million refugees that have arrived that have been expelled from syria as a result of that terrible and bloody conflict over the last five years. i think that makes the point that the only solution to this is to deal with the flow as well as the stop. to do upstream with the political and humanitarian emergency in syria and the surrounding countries with proper humanitarian provisions. as well as dealing in europe and on its shores with proper, fair burden sharing among the nations of the european union, which after all, is the richest, largest single market in the
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world. be muchesn't seem to coordination, though. who should be taking the lead here? jobd: it is obviously the of the european union to take the lead. the european commission is the with developing the policies for the european union. the united nations high commission on refugees has said that it needs to find 160,000 from the refugees syria crisis across the industrialized world. you can immediately see that the numbers are manageable if you think about 30 or 35 countries in that group. i think the critical point is one there are not the legal routes for refugees to find safety, then you empower the criminal gangs. the absence of a legal route has been a huge driver of the criminality we are seeing and the responsibility for addressing that within europe lies with the european union. upstream in the neighboring
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states of somalia, the neighboring states of syria, the neighboring states of afghanistan, it obviously falls to the united nations to be the coordinator rather than the european union. jane: turkey and jordan would probably argue that they and bearing the front of this for some time could what help should they be getting? david: you are absolutely right that it is poorer countries, the neighbors of those who consumed by war, that are the biggest burden. the concern that we at the international rescue committee have is that 85% of the refugees are in poorer countries rather than rich countries. for a country like jordan, which, as you say has taken sick thousand, 700,000 refugees from the conflict, what they need is systematic, long-term help with the health, education, water, and infrastructure that is bearing an immense burden as a result of the syria conflict. that was david miliband, president and ceo of the international rescue committee. former u.s. president george w.
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bush was in new orleans today to mark 10 years since hurricane katrina battered the city. mr. bush was in the white house at the time and was heavily criticized for his and ministration's handling of the crisis. today he was back in town putting the focus on the future in stead of the past. nick bryant has more on new orleans 10 years later. new orleans has never needed much excuse for a party, and on the streets of its famous french quarter, signs and return to the head in his dictate a great this anniversary is part -- head and -- hedonistic heyday. this anniversary is parts elevation because many people thought they were witnessing the death of the big easy. much of it was a mass grave, a dystopian hellhole is the first world city became the scene of third world suffering. residents were desperate for help but it took too long to arrive. >> we need help.
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we need somebody to come into this city and help us. nick: former president blamed for the federal government's botched response today touchdown on a high school in new orleans. for george w. bush, no apologies, but i justz00 -- a jazzy little jig and a nod to the city's resilience. the levies gave out but the people never gave up. this was the aptly named flood street 10 years ago, and this is it today, and mr. renovation and ruin. in the lower ninth ward, only one third of residents have returned. this looks like the disaster happened -- >> yesterday. , the community leaders black -- community leaders complain, the black opposition especially is being ignored. >> our city leaders don't give a damn about us.
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we have to bring economic of ourselves because they are not bringing it. this is ridiculous. enough is enough. nick: but there are other streets that look like they belong in the ideal homes exhibition. >> i got the flag at the funeral -- nick: one proud occupant is robert green, was added deeply personal touches, trying to his granddaughter who died in the flight. >> we can talk about the death of my mother and granddaughter and talk about the death of this neighborhood but we need to talk about rebirth. you hear the sound of another house being built. around the corner there is another house being built. corner, similar houses being built. good things happening. nick: parts of new orleans look like a katrina hit 10 months ago rather than 10 years. although the city has made a strong recovery, it is far from complete. it has now built a supersize surge barrier, the great wall of
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new orleans, that is better able to cope with another hurricane. but people like to feel the winds of more economic and racial change. nick bryant, bbc news, new orleans. jane: you are watching "bbc world news america." we have more katrina coverage on tonight's program, including the images of the disaster. 10 years later, we meet a photographer whose pictures show a city struggling after the epic storm. south korea and the u.s. are ending two weeks of joint military exercises near the border with north korea. they were temporarily suspended during heightened tension last weekend between the two koreas. steven adams has been watching the display of firepower and has this report. show a strength from south korea and the united states only days after the standoff with the north which might have led to war. exercise,live fire
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live ammunition in a blaze of military power. these joint u.s.-south korean exercises our regular and infuriate north korea, which says they are a preparation for invasion. this is the front line in what was once called the cold war. for more than six decades now, it has been the scene of constant saber rattling. the difficult task is to work out window rattling turns into true danger in a nuclear environment. alreadyrea has designated three new -- detonated three nuclear devices. that is why south korea says it needs its strong military. >> i believe that unless there is political change within north china is highly unlikely to give up whatever they have in their nuclear arsenal. according to other sources, next five-plus years, they could have up to 100-plus nuclear warheads. steven: in north korea, the
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military is more immediate problems today. bad floods have taken 40 lives, and the army's been sent there. once the waters subside, the military will be back on its more usual duty, facing south korea. today, south korea and the u.s. face back. stephen evans, bbc news, seoul. jane: the head of the adultery website ashley madison has stepped down. a statement said noel biderman's was in the best interests of the company. it has been under intense scrutiny after details released of millions of its users, and there are questions about whether the website was actually a one-sided affair with very few women involved.
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reporter: he was the self-styled king of infidelity. ashley madison's founder, noel biderman, who said he would never cheat on his wife, enjoy the spotlight. plans tohe bbc that he float his business on the tolerant london stock exchange. : they've taken a number of those businesses are before and have done well with them. reporter: now after the hacking attack that leeches client's -- leaked his clients' data, he has left. the future of the adultery website is in doubt. >> why would anyone have a faith that you can sign up for ashley madison and it will remain discrete? -- discreet? reporter: the league has raised new questions about the business and how many women were using. it is clear from the e-mails that ashley madison had a problem attracting female users.
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one referred to the launch in japan, with one japanese city having more than 20 male profiles for each woman. there is also talk about something called ashley's angels, apparently female profiles created by the staff. another took of building angels en masse and the staff are running into the equivalent of writers block. the fallout from the leaking of customer data continues. one woman describes how she confronted her fiancé after finding out he used ashley madison. we have disguised her voice. >> denial, denial, denial can and went he was shown to prove caught" look in his eyes. onhad multiple women multiple occasions. reporter: today there came a step closer.
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we have been reporting on the 10th anniversary of hurricane katrina, and the scenes of disaster that will probably live with us for many more years. this photojournalist captured some of the most iconic images of the aftermath of the storm, and a decade later, he has returned to the city to find out what has changed. gary o'donoghue sat down with him to talk about recovery and resilience. we had some mattresses placed windows of our hotel room, and we would go out and try to watch from the parking garage to gauge how strong the storm was, and try to determine when we could get the vehicles to get out and start covering. gary: what did you see? >> i remember seeing a foot over car by the superdome, some flooding by the french quarter,
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maybe a fifth or two of water, some windows knocked, things blown over. but it did not look like it was a major disaster. gary: and then the levees broke. >> we didn't get word of that right away at all, but the next a when i went out, i'd had never seen the ninth ward before, we went over the bridge and looked down and it was water as far as you can see and it was shocking. i don't think i had a specific image in mind except we were looking for those who were the worst affected, those that could be trapped, that could be in danger. it was pretty obvious going down the other side of the bridge that you can see people being brought from their homes on boats and there were a number of people just the bridge already who had been rescued and it became kind of clear that there were lots of people out there trapped. these folks were not able to escape, not able to evacuate, there was a serious problem with
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the evacuation process and there was also a serious problem with the levees, of course. gary: when you came back, when uf come back since, what has grabbed your attention? >> the number one thing is the resilience of the people here. be familiar -- the familial roots here run deeper than other people in the country could some 77% of new orleans before the storm reported they were native born. you see the strength of the people coming back and trying to get back to their roots and bring their families back and bring their communities back. i think this kind of resilience and resolve to rebuild and reclaim the city, we wouldn't have found in a lot of other cities that are more transient. jane: gary o'donoghue with memories of katrina. aat brings today's show to close, but you can find much
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more on all the days news on our website, and to reach me and most of the bbc team, go to twitter. @bbcnewus. from all of us here, thank you for watching and have a good weekend. >> make sense of international news at bbc.com/news. >> it's a global truth. we can do more when we work together. at mufg, our banking relationships span cultures and support almost every industry across the globe, because success takes partnership and only through discipline and trust can we create something greater than ourselves. mufg -- we build relationships that build the world.
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>> funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation, newman's own foundation, giving all profits from newman's own to charity and pursuing the common good, kovler foundation, pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs, and mufg. >> "bbc world news" was presented by kcet los angeles.
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